Globally, alcohol consumption is the seventh leading risk factor for both death and the burden of disease and injury.
In short, except for tobacco, alcohol accounts for a higher burden of disease than any other drug.
The DSM-5 combined those two disorders into alcohol use disorder with sub-classifications of severity. There is no "alcoholism" diagnosis in medical care.
Alcohol misuse is a term used by United States Preventive Services Task Force to describe a spectrum of drinking behaviors that encompass risky drinking, alcohol abuse, and alcohol dependence (similar meaning to alcohol use disorder but not a term used in DSM).
The skin of a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis can feature cherry angiomas, palmar erythema and — in acute liver failure — jaundice and ascites.
The derangements of the endocrine system lead to the enlargement of the male breasts.
About half of grade 12 students have been drunk, and a third binge drink. Children aged 16 and under who consume alcohol heavily display symptoms of conduct disorder.
Its symptoms include troublesome behaviour in school, constantly lying, learning disabilities and social impairments.
The prefrontal cortex is responsible for cognitive functions such as working memory, impulse control and decision making.
This region of the brain is vulnerable to chronic alcohol-induced oxidative DNA damage.