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After all, even if another Rebellion were to take place, its leaders would eventually come to emulate Napoleon.According to Baker, technology turned out to be the force freeing people from Orwell’s age of dictators.Following Major’s death, the pigs are the ones that take on the task of organizing and mobilizing the other animals because they are “generally recognized as being the cleverest of the animals” (35).
The novel begins with Jones as autocratic tyrant and ends with Napoleon not only in Jones’s position, but in his clothes as well.
Over the course of the novel, Napoleon essentially becomes Jones just as Stalin becomes an autocrat after pretending to espouse equality and freedom.
Most notably, even when the windmill is finished it is used for milling corn instead of its original purpose of supplying the animals with electricity in their stalls.
From the very beginning of the novel, we become aware of education’s role in stratifying Animal Farm’s population.
But “technology” can be just another banner under which to rally the people.
While Orwell does portray technology as a source of progress in , he points out that it is useless unless it is in the people’s hands.These include Karl Marx (Major), Vladimir Lenin (Major), Leon Trotsky (Snowball), Joseph Stalin (Napoleon), Adolf Hitler (Frederick), the Allies (Pilkington), the peasants (Boxer), the elite (Mollie), and the church (Moses).The resemblance of some of the novel’s events to events in Soviet history is indubitable.It can hide under the guise of the “greater good” as it did in the Soviet Union before the totalitarianism became obvious.Orwell uses a cyclical structure in , which helps advance the idea of totalitarianism’s predictability.The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which” (139).The circularity of Orwell’s story prevents the reader from imagining a better future for Animal Farm.For example, Snowball’s and Napoleon’s power struggle is a direct allegory of Trotsky’s and Stalin’s.Frederick’s trade agreement with Napoleon, and his subsequent breaking of the agreement, represents the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact that preceded World War II.The following Battle of the Windmill represents World War II itself.Despite his fairy-tale clarity in satirizing some historical events, Orwell is less specific about others.