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How to Cite the Purdue OWL in APA Contributors’ names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at the top of every page on the OWL. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, second printing. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.
Note: APA style requires authors to use the past tense or present perfect tense when using signal phrases to describe earlier research, for example, Jones (1998) found or Jones (1998) has found… CLASSES There are 3 basic types or formats of reference citation: 1.
For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, second printing. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
You can also watch our APA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL You Tube Channel.