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Do I have to present the quotation in both the original language and in translation, or do I present only the original or only a translation? That post also explains the rationale for why research participant quotations do not have typical APA Style citations and reference list entries.
Otherwise, presenting just the translation is fine.
We do not recommend presenting the original without a translation, as your readers might not understand it!
If you want to present a research participant’s quotation in both a foreign language and in translation, the method of doing so is largely the same as for foreign-language quotations from published sources: Place quotations of less than 40 words in quotation marks, and place quotations of 40 words or more in a block quotation.
After the foreign-language quotation, place an English translation of the quotation in square brackets.
For example, if you read an article by Brown (2017) and that author quotes the earlier work of Smith (2010), Brown is the secondary or indirect source (because it was written later) and Smith is considered the direct or original source (because it was written first).
To cite a source you found in another source, state the original author within your sentence and state "as cited in" followed by the last name and year of the secondary source.Although income-based rankings are important, the “are not the only measure of development” (Calhoun et al., 1997, p. How do I format quotations from books or articles written in a foreign language?After the foreign-language quotation, place an English translation of the quotation in square brackets. Here is an example: In text: Research has addressed that “Les jeunes qui terminent un placement à l’âge de la majorité dans le cadre du système de protection de la jeunesse sont plus vulnérables” [Youth who finish a placement at the age of majority in the framework of the youth protection system are more vulnerable] (Bussières, St-Germain, Dubé, & Richard, 2017, p. In the reference list, translate the title of the foreign-language work into the language you are writing in (here, that’s English).Otherwise, the details of the foreign-language source should stay as they were published, to aid in retrievability.For example: When quoting an e Book like your Constellation textbook, your in-text citation needs to include the author’s last name, year, section number, and the paragraph number the quote is found in on the e Book page.It should look like this: (Author, Year, Section #.#, para.If you are quoting from a work, you will need to include the author’s last name, year of publication, and the page number (p.#) or paragraph number (para.#).Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.Note for this example that Reference list: Bussières, E.-L., St-Germain, A., Dubé, M., & Richard, M.-C. Efficacité et efficience des programmes de transition à la vie adulte: Une revue systématique [Effectiveness and efficiency of adult transition programs: A systematic review].How do I format quotations from research participants who I interviewed as part of my work when those quotations are in a foreign language? Dear reader, Before we dig into the foreign-language aspects of this question, read the blog post on how to discuss research participant data in general, including how to present participant quotations that do not require translation and how to assign pseudonyms to participants.