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This sense of book has a restricted and an unrestricted sense.In the restricted sense, a book is a self-sufficient section or part of a longer composition, a usage that reflects the fact that, in antiquity, long works had to be written on several scrolls, and each scroll had to be identified by the book it contained.The technical term for this physical arrangement is codex (in the plural, codices).
The Greek word for papyrus as writing material (biblion) and book (biblos) come from the Phoenician port town Byblos, through which papyrus was exported to Greece.), which originally meant a slice or piece and from there began to denote "a roll of papyrus".
Tomus was used by the Latins with exactly the same meaning as volumen (see also below the explanation by Isidore of Seville).
The first written mention of the codex as a form of book is from Martial, in his Apophoreta at the end of the first century, where he praises its compactness.
However, the codex never gained much popularity in the pagan Hellenistic world, and only within the Christian community did it gain widespread use.
Sumerian clay tablet, currently housed in the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, inscribed with the text of the poem Inanna and Ebih by the priestess Enheduanna, the first author whose name is known A tablet is a physically robust writing medium, suitable for casual transport and writing.
Clay tablets were flattened and mostly dry pieces of clay that could be easily carried, and impressed with a stylus.An avid reader or collector of books or a book lover is a bibliophile or colloquially, "bookworm". Google has estimated that as of 2010, approximately 130,000,000 distinct titles had been published.A shop where books are bought and sold is a bookshop or bookstore. It is thus conjectured that the earliest Indo-European writings may have been carved on beech wood.To restore access and understand how to better interact with our site to avoid this in the future, please have your system administrator contact [email protected] a physical object, a book is a stack of usually rectangular pages (made of papyrus, parchment, vellum, or paper) oriented with one edge tied, sewn, or otherwise fixed together and then bound to the flexible spine of a protective cover of heavier, relatively inflexible material.A single sheet in a codex is a leaf, and each side of a leaf is a page.As an intellectual object, a book is prototypically a composition of such great length that it takes a considerable investment of time to compose and a still considerable, though not so extensive, investment of time to read.So, for instance, each part of Aristotle's Physics is called a book, as of course, the Bible encompasses many different books.In the unrestricted sense, a book is the compositional whole of which such sections, whether called books or chapters or parts, are parts.The custom of binding several wax tablets together (Roman pugillares) is a possible precursor of modern bound (codex) books.Scrolls can be made from papyrus, a thick paper-like material made by weaving the stems of the papyrus plant, then pounding the woven sheet with a hammer-like tool until it is flattened.