In contrast, collaborations are the predominant trend in the sciences, and so there is a greater need for clarity.Therefore, authorities in scientific fields usually spell out authorship criteria.In the sciences, and in related fields like psychology, authors are generally listed in the order of the relative importance of their contributions, with the first author being the main author of the paper.Tags: Planning A Business EventRandom Assignment In ResearchScholarships For Juniors In High School No EssayDescriptive Essay About My BirthdayKauffman Dissertation FellowshipSocrates Essay Outline
According to ICMJE’s guidelines, an author should have With several people contributing to different aspects of a research project, the distinction between an author and someone acknowledged elsewhere is often blurred.
The unethical publication practices mentioned above only add to these problems.
In broad terms, an author should make significant contributions to the intellectual content of the paper and be willing to take public responsibility for the entire study, including the data and results.
The author’s role has been delineated most precisely in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals—established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)—to which many top journals in the biomedical field subscribe.
Since there is no foolproof system for the ordering author names yet and journals do not normally arbitrate in such disputes, the onus is on authors to decide how best to resolve differences in opinion.
The group of individuals who will be involved in the project must ideally agree upon these points, with the person-in-charge assuming a bigger responsibility in clarifying them to junior researchers.
To solve this conundrum, journals are gradually drifting from the authorship model to the contributorship model.
Many journals now encourage or require authors to describe each person’s contribution to the study.
This can be a standard headshot or an action shot of the author doing something relevant to the article (such as sitting on a tractor, for a farmer writing about farming).
Finally, the author bio page should include links to the author's other articles on the site, except in the case of weblogs or other sites that are essentially the work of a single author.