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Zimbardo writes, abnormal social and personal reactions are best seen as a product of… an environment that supported the behavior (p.374).
His findings showed that, two-thirds of this studies participants fall into the category of obedient subjects, and that they represent ordinary people (p. Milgram concluded that when a person is obeying orders he views himself as the instrument…
and no longer regards himself as responsible for his action (p. Milgram s experiment proved that when doing a job as instructed by an authority figure the feelings of duty and personal emotion are separated.
Eleven men became guards and the other ten prisoners.
The prisoners were given numbers instead of being allowed to use their names, systematically stripped, de-loused and given prison clothing to wear.
If the learner answers incorrectly, the teacher is supposed to shock the learner, starting at 15 volts and increasing to 450 volts.
With each incorrect answer the teacher is supposed to increase the shock. The study was terminated prematurely due to the unexpected and disturbing results. The guards quickly became locked into the role of belittling and dehumanizing the prisoners. Although the teacher thought that he/she was administering shocks, the learner was actually never harmed. Milgram s study undermined the theory that only the most sadistic individuals would submit to such cruelty. His work, The Perils of Obedience, studied whether average individuals would obey an authority figure, telling them to do something that harms another individual. In his study, the teacher is instructed to read a list of words and ask the learner to recite them back. Conformity And Obedience Essay, Research Paper Conformity and Obedience The desire to be accepted and belong to a group is an undeniable human need. Social psychologists have conducted numerous experiments and concluded that, through various forms of social influence, groups can change their members thoughts, feelings, and behavior.In her essay Group Minds, Doris Lessing discusses our paradoxical ability to call ourselves individuals and our inability to realize that groups define and influence us.but we also find our thinking changing because we belong to a group (p. Groups have the tendency to generate norms, or standards for behavior in certain situations. Not following these norms can make you stand out and, therefore, groups have the ability to influence our thoughts and actions in ways that are consistent with the groups .