Critical Thinking Study Guide

Critical Thinking Study Guide-63
Human thought is amazing, but the speed and automation with which it happens can be a disadvantage when we’re trying to think critically.Our brains naturally use heuristics (mental shortcuts) to explain what’s happening around us.

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From Newton to Einstein to Yitang Zhang, questioning assumptions is where innovation happens. All these things can be a reality if you just question your assumptions and critically evaluate your beliefs about what’s prudent, appropriate, or possible.

You don’t even have to be an aspiring Einstein to benefit from questioning your assumptions. If you’re looking for some help with this process, then check out Oblique Strategies.

A great way to get “unstuck” on a hard problem is to try reversing things.

It may seem obvious that X causes Y, but what if Y caused X?

The “chicken and egg problem” a classic example of this.

At first, it seems obvious that the chicken had to come first. But then you quickly realize that the chicken had to come from somewhere, and since chickens come from eggs, the egg must have come first. Even if it turns out that the reverse When you’re trying to solve a problem, it’s always helpful to look at other work that has been done in the same area.

Don’t get so bogged down in research and reading that you forget to think for yourself–sometimes this can be your most powerful tool.

Writing about Einstein’s paper “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies” (the paper that contained the famous equation ), C. Snow observed that “it was as if Einstein ‘had reached the conclusions by pure thought, unaided, without listening to the opinions of others.

What they will expect, though, is for you to be able to think; to know how to make connections between ideas and evaluate information critically.

And now that I’m in college, my professors often mention that the ability to think through and solve difficult problems matters more in the “real world” than specific content.

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