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It is different from repetition because here the repetition is being done at regular intervals.Top 17) Rhyme: The usage of words in a way to create musical effect. Examples of rhyme are as follows - “The guests are met, the feast is set: May’st hear the merry din Here the rhyming words are met and set “The ship was cheered, the harbour cleared, Merrily did we drop Below the Kirk, below the hill, Below the lighthouse top Here the rhyming words are cheered-cleared and drop-top Top 18) Repetition: It is the repeated use of a word of line to lay emphasis Examples of repetition are as follows - “He lifted his head from his drinking, as cattle do” Here the snake is compared with cattle by using ‘as’ Top 20) Synecdoche: It is a word or phrase in which a part of something is used to refer to the whole of it.
As its origins in ancient Greek would suggest, antithesis (Greek for 'opposition,' 'contradiction') has been a popular tool for writers since antiquity, especially among Roman poets of the 1st century A. Let's turn from the space program, now, and look at a few instances of antithesis in some literary works you're sure to recognize!
Paradise Lost, John Milton's classic of 17th-century English literature is full of profound uses of various literary devices. While discussing his exile from Heaven to Hell, Lucifer makes the very poignant argument that it is 'Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven.' For all intents and purposes, this represents the ultimate opposition - not only in terms of locale, but of position, as well.
Top 11) Inversion: It is also known as “anastrophe” the normal order of words is reversed, in order to achieve a particular effect of emphasis.
(Generally the form is changed from active to passive) Examples of inversion are as follows - “On a hot, hot day, and I in pyjamas for the heat, To drink there.” The correct form of sentence is (I had gone to drink there in my pyjamas because of heat) Top 12) Metaphor: It is indirect comparison by highlighting a particular quality of two things.
Juxtaposition – In literature, juxtaposition is a literary device wherein the author places a person, concept, place, idea or theme parallel to another.
The purpose of juxtaposing two directly/indirectly related entities close together in literature is to highlight the contrast between the two and compare them.Unlike the other examples we've seen so far, Charles Dickens' use of antithesis in his famous novel from 1859 is anything but brief.In fact, the entire opening sentence of A Tale of Two Cities is loaded with antitheses: 'It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way…' Each individual phrase is actually quite concise in itself.Top 8) Enjambment: When a sentence continues into two or more lines in a poem Examples of Enjambment are as follows - “Once upon a time a frog Croaked away in Bingle Bog Every night from dusk to dawn He croaked awn and awn and awn The sentence continues from first to last line Top 9) Hyperbole: It is a Greek word meaning “overcasting”. Examples of Hyperbole are as follows - “My name is Ozymandias, King of kings” Here they have used hyperbole because Ozymandias refers himself as king of the kings.Top 10) Imagery: The creation of any sensory effect like visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, tactile, kinesthetic, organic.( to create scenes in the poem) Examples of imagery are as follows - “But one night a nightingale In the moonlight cold and pale Perched upon the sumac tree Casting forth her melody” Here we can imagine a scene of night that is cold and nightingale is singing melodiously on a branch of sumac tree “Ducks had swum and herons waded To her as she serenaded And a solitary loon Wept, beneath the summer moon Here the poet has presented a kinesthetic imagery; this means he has described certain movements by ducks and herons that are trying to reach to the sumac tree to hear nightingale’s voice.Examples of synecdoche are as follows - “The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed” Here the word hand is used to refer to the sculptor who made the statue of Ozymandias and heart is used to refer to King Ozymandias who gave the right expression for the statue.Top 21) Transferred epithet: It is an adjective used with a noun refers to another noun.Top 3) Anaphora: The repeated use of word at the start of two or more consecutive lines. Examples of Asyndeton are as follows - I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance There are no conjunctions used between the four words.Examples of Anaphora are as follows - “I wind about, and in and out, With here a blossom sailing, And here and there a lusty trout, And here and there a grayling Use of ‘And’ in the beginning of two consecutive lines Top 4) Antithesis: Use of opposite words in close placement Examples of Antithesis are as follows - “The voice of thunder declares my arrival; The rainbow announces my departure.” Meaning of arrival is to come and departure means to go. Top 7) Consonance: The repetition of a consonant sound in a sentence.(here the words are not opposite to each other like it is in antithesis but their meaning is opposite) Examples of oxymoron are as follows - “Why, then, o brawling love! Top 15) Personification: It means to give human quality to an object or a non living thing.Examples of personification are as follows - “I am dotted silver threads dropped from heaven By the gods.