India is ranked among the top 5 countries that are highly indulged in the swamp of Child labour. Child labour is the practice of engaging children of below 14 years to any type of economic activity either part time or full time.
According to the rules and regulation, no child would engage in any economic activity except he or she helping her family during vacations or after the schools hours.
As per, the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, 1986 which was amended in 2016, states that Child labour is a criminal offence.
Any person if proven guilty of child labour will be imposed a fine of Rs 20,000-50,000 or 6 months to 2 years of imprisonment and if a person repeats child labour he or she would attract the imprisonment from 1 year to 3 years, as the act says.
Children are being exploited as labourers both by organised and unorganized sectors of industry.
The rights of the children are being abused specially in developing countries.
70% of the child labour ratio is from rural areas, where children did not get a primary education and to satisfy their hunger they start working under a cheap rate or no wage at all.
Poverty is the main reason behind this as the child’s parents can not afford education due to poverty.
There are many other states leading in child labour in India namely Rajasthan, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra.
Mainly, the children are forced to work at a very low and cheap wage rate.