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In pregnant women, alcohol exposure can impact the brains of unborn babies, resulting in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
For example, the injection of drugs directly into the bloodstream has an immediate impact, while ingestion has a delayed effect. They cause large amounts of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate our emotions, motivation and feelings of pleasure, to flood the brain and produce a “high.” Eventually, drugs can change how the brain works and interfere with a person’s ability to make choices, leading to intense cravings and compulsive drug use.
Over time, this behavior can turn into a substance dependency, or drug addiction.
Today, more than 7 million people suffer from an illicit drug disorder, and one in four deaths results from illicit drug use.
In fact, more deaths, illnesses and disabilities are associated with drug abuse than any other preventable health condition.
Clinically known as substance use disorder, drug abuse or addiction is caused by the habitual taking of addictive substances.
Drugs include alcohol, marijuana, hallucinogens and opioids.Drugs may contain impurities that can be harmful to an unborn baby.Pregnant women who use drugs may be more likely to harm the fetus with risky behaviors and poor nutrition.In the past year, almost 12 million people drove under the influence of illicit drugs, and almost 4,000 fatally injured drivers tested positive for drug involvement.Illicit drug use poses risks for pregnant women and their babies.In fact, alcohol and drugs are partly to blame in an estimated 80 percent of offenses leading to jail time in the U. These incidents include domestic violence, driving while intoxicated and offenses related to damaged property.Legal and illegal drugs excluding alcohol are involved in about 16 percent of motor vehicle crashes.There are a few ways a person can take drugs, including injection, inhalation and ingestion.The effects of the drug on the body can depend on how the drug is delivered.They can vary depending on the type of drug, how much and how often it’s taken and the person’s general health.Overall, the effects of drug abuse and dependence can be far-reaching.