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The role of the African Americans prior to the Civil War was free labor for Southern land owners and they were viewed by Southerners as property.
After the Civil War concluded, the Southern States re-entered the Union, and the Reconstruction Era began.
This period of Reconstruction was a rebuilding of the southern economy as well as the redefining of the role of newly freed slaves.
Five military districts each under the leadership of a prominent military general were carved out in the south and new elections were held which allowed the vote to black males.
Carpetbagger was the name given to Northerners who came south for political and economic reasons.
Reconstruction The period after the Civil War, 1865 - 1877, was called the Reconstruction period.
Abraham Lincoln started planning for the reconstruction of the South during the Civil War as Union soldiers occupied huge areas of the South.
Black codes were adopted by midwestern states to regulate or inhibit the migration of free African-Americans to the midwest.
Cruel and severe black code laws were adopted by southern states after the Civil War to control or reimpose the old social structure.
There were many changes in the economy and society of the south, including the development of sharecropping and the integration of former slaves into the society.
Even though some might say that there were some small successes within the Reconstruction, the Reconstruction as a whole can be seen as unsuccessful because major points in the economy did not improve, and white southerners used all of their abilities to keep the freedmen below them, and without rights.