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Sigmund Freud was the first psychoanalyst and a true pioneer in the recognition of the importance of unconscious mental activity.
Critics dispute many aspects of psychoanalysis including whether or not it is indeed a science; the value of the data upon which Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, based his theories; and the method and effectiveness of psychoanalytic treatment.
There has been much criticism as well as praise regarding psychoanalysis over the years, but a hard look at both the positive and negative feedback of critics of psychoanalysis shows, in my opinion, that psychoanalysis is indeed a "great idea" in personality that should not be overlooked.
In 1896, Freud coined the term "psychoanalysis," and for the next forty years of his life, he worked on thoroughly developing its main principles, objectives, techniques, and methodology.
Freud's many writings detail many of his thoughts on mental life, including the structural theory of the mind, dream interpretation, the technique of psychoanalysis, and assorted other topics.
These unconscious factors have the potential to produce unhappiness, which in turn is expressed through a score of distinguishable symptoms, including disturbing personality traits, difficulty in relating to others, or disturbances in self-esteem or general disposition (American Psychoanalytic Association, 1998).
Psychoanalytic treatment is highly individualized and seeks to show how the unconscious factors affect behavior patterns, relationships, and overall mental health.Errors occurring in the development of the sexual function result in homosexuality and sexual perversions, according to Freud (1949, p. Freud (1949) defines the qualities of the psychical process as being either conscious, preconscious, or unconscious (p. Ideas considered to be conscious are those of which we are aware, yet they remain conscious only briefly.Preconscious ideas are defined as those that are capable of becoming conscious.In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of Freud's theory are examined and explained.Upon consideration, the author considers psychoanalysis to be a valuable theory despite its weaknesses because it is comprehensive, serendipitous, innovative, and has withstood the test of time.During the phallic phase, the young boy enters the Oedipus phase where he fears his father and castration while simultaneously fantasizing about sexual relations with his mother (Freud, 1949, p. The young girl, in contrast, enters the Electra phase, where she experiences penis envy, which often culminates in her turning away from sexual life altogether.Following the phallic phase is a period of latency, in which sexual development comes to a halt (Freud, 1949, p. Finally, in the genital phase, the sexual function is completely organized and the coordination of sexual urge towards pleasure is completed.Treatment traces the unconscious factors to their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over the course of many years, and subsequently helps individuals to overcome the challenges they face in life (National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, 1998).In addition to being a therapy, psychoanalysis is a method of understanding mental functioning and the stages of growth and development.In addition, psychoanalysis is the basis of many other approaches to therapy.Many insights revealed by psychoanalytic treatment have formed the basis for other treatment programs in child psychiatry, family therapy, and general psychiatric practice (Farrell, 1981, p. The value and validity of psychoanalysis as a theory and treatment have been questioned since its inception in the early 1900s.