A review may be an end in itself or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research.
A review is usually a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations.
It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation.
At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis.
No matter what literature review format you use, White Smoke's all-in-one writing software with English grammar checker, spell checker, an online dictionary, thesaurus and unique writing enhancement feature will be critical to your success in writing a literature review, as it will catch your errors, suggest adjectives and adverbs, and help your writing shine.
Stages in conducting a literature review: In every element of the literature review, it is essential to use correct English grammar and spelling.
Evaluate the current "state of the art" for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.3.
Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession. Open web sources (somebody's home page, as opposed to peer-reviewed online journals or licensed database sites that provide access to scholarly works) are not usually considered reliable sources for academic research and should be used sparingly, if at all, and only after careful research into the sponsors of a site.
Does the work ultimately contribute in any significant way to an understanding of the subject?
Provide the reader with strong "umbrella" sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, "signposts" throughout, and brief "so what" summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses. Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction.2.