There should also be an appropriate balance between these two essay components. Most students make the mistake of writing too much knowledge and not enough evaluation (which is the difficult bit).
It is best to structure your essay according to key themes.
Evidence suggests psychoanalytic therapy works best if the client is motivated and has a positive attitude.
(Consequences) A depressed client’s apathy, flat emotional state and lack of motivation limit the appropriateness of psychoanalytic therapy for depression.
Before you write your essay it's important to analyse the task and understand exactly what the essay question is asking.
It is possible your lecturer will give you some advice - pay attention to this as it will help you plan your answer.Note this is not the author of a textbook you have read - but the original source / author(s) of the theory or research study.For example: As a general rule make sure there is at least one citation (i.e. Don't make the mistake of simply writing everything you know of a particular topic, be selective.Rather than hunting for weaknesses in every study; only highlight limitations which make you doubt the conclusions that the authors have drawn – e.g.where an alternative explanation might be equally likely because something hasn’t been adequately controlled.Next conduct preliminary reading based on your lecture notes.At this stage it's not crucial to have a robust understanding of key theories or studies, but you should at least have a general 'gist' of the literature. This plan could be in the form of a mind map, a summary table, or by writing a core statement (which encompass the entire argument of your essay in just a few sentences).Instead make sure you expand on your points, remember, quality of evaluation is most important than quantity.When you are writing an evaluation paragraph use the PEC system.If you start off well then you are more likely to be forgiven for the odd mistake later one.Ideally the conclusion should summarize the key themes / arguments of your essay.