Tags: Sample Of Executive Summary Of Business PlanContrasting ThesisSample Business Research ProposalDissertation Andromaque Antoine AdamLife Changing Events EssayEnglish Writing PracticeEssay On Germinal
Statements of this sort are usually taken as indications that the writer is not really familiar with the literature.In a proposal, the literature review is generally brief and to the point.The operational null is generally the preferred form of hypothesis-writing.a form that states the hypothesis you will accept if the null hypothesis is rejected, stated in terms of theoretical constructs.
In quantitative studies, one uses theory deductively and places it toward the beginning of the plan for a study. One thus begins the study advancing a theory, collects data to test it, and reflects on whether the theory was confirmed or disconfirmed by the results in the study.
The theory becomes a framework for the entire study, an organizing model for the research questions or hypotheses for the data collection procedure (Creswell, 1994, pp. In qualitative inquiry, the use of theory and of a line of inquiry depends on the nature of the investigation.
The purpose statement should provide a specific and accurate synopsis of the overall purpose of the study (Locke, Spirduso, & Silverman, 1987, p. If the purpose is not clear to the writer, it cannot be clear to the reader.
Clearly identify and define the central concepts or ideas of the study.
In studies aiming at grounded theory, for example, theory and theoretical tenets emerge from findings.
Dissertation Extension - Methodology Section Of Research Proposal
Much qualitative inquiry, however, also aims to test or verify theory, hence in these cases the theoretical framework, as in quantitative efforts, should be identified and discussed early on.
The introduction is the part of the paper that provides readers with the background information for the research reported in the paper.
Its purpose is to establish a framework for the research, so that readers can understand how it is related to other research (Wilkinson, 1991, p. If a researcher is working within a particular theoretical framework/line of inquiry, the theory or line of inquiry should be introduced and discussed early, preferably in the introduction or literature review.
When a writer states hypotheses, the reader is entitled to have an exposition of the theory that led to them (and of the assumptions underlying the theory).
Just as conclusions must be grounded in the data, hypotheses must be grounded in the theoretical framework.