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RCGD colleagues were among those who founded the National Training Laboratories (NTL), from which the T-groups and group-based OD emerged.Kurt Lewin played a key role in the evolution of organization development as it is known today.An internal change agent is usually a staff person who has expertise in the behavioral sciences and in the intervention technology of OD.
It is interdisciplinary in nature and draws on sociology, psychology, particularly industrial and organizational psychology, and theories of motivation, learning, and personality.
Although behavioral science has provided the basic foundation for the study and practice of OD, new and emerging fields of study have made their presence felt.
The members have an opportunity to learn something about themselves and to practice such skills as listening, observing others, and functioning as effective group members.
He also founded the first doctoral program in organizational behavior at Case Western State University, and his colleague, Robert Blake, was also influential in making the term "organizational development" a more widely recognized field of psychological research.
From this shift in the locale of the training site and the realization that culture was an important factor in influencing group members (along with some other According to organizational-development thinking, organization development provides managers with a vehicle for introducing change systematically by applying a broad selection of management techniques.
This, in turn, leads to greater personal, group, and organizational effectiveness.
Organization development (OD) is the study of successful organizational change and performance.
OD emerged from human relations studies in the 1930s, during which psychologists realized that organizational structures and processes influence worker behavior and motivation.
A change agent's main strength is a comprehensive knowledge of human behavior, supported by a number of intervention techniques (to be discussed later).
The change agent can be either external or internal to the organization.