Plessy V Ferguson Case Essay

Confusion about the legality of segregation continued until it was challenged by Homer Plessy.

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Ferguson decision legalizing segregation and began to pass laws like those in Mississippi, requiring segregation and stating that anyone not following the law could be jailed.

Though the Supreme Court accepted the proposition that these people could maintain their full equality even while being racially separated, Southern states continued to push this ruling further and further.

The Supreme Court had given Southern states all the permission they needed to let any remaining equality between the races fade away, to be replaced by the monstrous Jim Crow laws standing in its way.

Even though the Supreme Court had ruled in favor of these separate areas as long as they were equal, it is evident that true equality was never an objective or goal within the South.

How can these peoples be separated in everything they do, everywhere they go, and still be expected "to meet on terms of social equality"? In his 1872 article for The New National Era newspaper, he wrote, "We want mixed schools.....because we want to do away with a system that exalts one class and debases another.....

We look to mixed schools to teach that worth and ability are to be the criterion of manhood and not race and color." Southern states took advantage of the Plessy vs.This ruling signaled the federal government’s and North’s unwillingness to challenge segregation or the oppression of blacks in the South. Ferguson decision, segregation became even more ensconced through a battery of Southern laws and social customs known as “Jim Crow.” Schools, theaters, restaurants, and transportation cars were segregated.Poll taxes, literacy requirements, and grandfather clauses not only prevented blacks from voting, but also made them ineligible to serve on jury pools or run for office.Plessy, a man who was one-eighth black, but classified as black by Louisiana law, refused to leave in order to trigger a case about the legality of segregation.In 1896, after years of trials appeals, the Supreme Court ruled that “separate but equal” was fair, and was not a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment requiring equal protection to all.In 1890, the Court took another step in ruling that Mississippi's segregation on common carriers was lawful.The Louisiana legislature also pushed for segregation.It passed a bill in 1890 which said that "separate but equal" areas for black and white passengers on trains was lawful and that violators could be fined or jailed. Plessy, a young shoemaker who was one-eighth black and seven-eighths white, boarded a Louisiana state rail car on June 7, 1892.Backed by two groups fighting racism, Comite des Citoyens and the black newspaper, The Crusader, he sat down in the "White Only" rail car, and refused to move when asked to do so. Homer Plessy and the groups supporting him took their case to the local circuit court, judged by John Howard Ferguson, the Louisiana Supreme Court, and finally to the United States Supreme Court.1896 needs to be a constant reminder to the people of our country of the horrible damages done to society when the highest court of law in the land rules against justice and equality. Ferguson was one of a combination of rulings passed by the U. They returned to whites the superiority over blacks that the 13th Amendment had taken away from them after the Civil War. Ferguson was the final step in erasing the policies put in place during Reconstruction.The Reconstruction Era (1867-1877) was an attempt by the Union to put back together a war-torn South.

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