” (where X is a general concept), this means (or should mean) “what is the best general definition of the term X? This is because the notion of X cannot be presupposed to exist in the world, and all we know is that there is a well-known term that we want to continue to use and whose definition is unclear.
In 2011, I was resigned to giving up the terms “word” and “affix” (and in 2015, the term “clitic”), but of course, linguists continue to use these terms.
[zenodo] [Martin Haspelmath & Thomas Müller-Bardey] Valency change. In: Feuillet, Jack (ed.), , 363-382 (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy, 54.) Dordrecht: Kluwer. Contextual and specialized converbs in Lezgian (Nakho-Daghestanian).
In: Booij, Geert & Lehmann, Christian & Mugdan, Joachim (eds.) How hopeless is genealogical linguistics, and how advanced is areal linguistics?
Thus, they offer computational analytical challenges along with theoretical mysteries, all of which offer insights into gaining an understanding of human cognition and language capabilities.
The goal of this workshop is to build on the long history of research on polysynthesis combined with the more current computational interest in processing morphologically complex languages. (Case and Grammatical Relations across Languages, 2.) Amsterdam: Benjamins]. Review of: [Chappell, Hilary & Mc Gregor, William (eds.) The grammar of inalienability: A typological perspective on body part terms and the part-whole relation. Typology of verbal categories: Papers presented to Vladimir Nedjalkov on the occasion of his 70th birthday. 83-114 Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton [OA] [zenodo] Revisiting the anasynthetic spiral. In: Grossman, Eitan & Haspelmath, Martin & Richter, Tonio Sebastian (eds.) , 197–208. Ditransitive constructions: A typological overview. In: [Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath & Bernard Comrie] 2010. (Typological Studies in Language, 59.) Amsterdam: Benjamins, 17-44. [zenodo] [Ekkehard König & Martin Haspelmath] Les constructions à possesseur externe dans les langues d’Europe. König (eds.) 11-12) Universidad de Guadalajara: Centro de Investigación de Lenguas Indígenas, 187-224. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton [publisher] [Academia.edu] [Eitan Grossman & Martin Haspelmath] The Leipzig-Jerusalem transliteration of Coptic. Coding causal-noncausal verb alternations: A form-frequency correspondence explanation. (Comments Martin Stokhof and Michiel van Lambalgen, ” Abstractions and idealisations: the construction of modern linguistics”). [paywall] [Andrej Malchukov, Martin Haspelmath & Bernard Comrie] 2010. Hawkins, “Symmetries and asymmetries: their grammar, typology and parsing”). (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft) Vol. [zenodo] Non-canonical marking of core arguments in European languages. In: van der Auwera, Johan (ed.) (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology/EUROTYP, 20-3.) Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 563-640. The aim of the book is to situate the Eskaleut languages typologically in general linguistic terms, particularly with regard to polysynthesis.The degree of variation from more to less polysynthesis is evaluated within Eskaleut (Inuit-Yupik vs. Review of: [Kulikov, Leonid & Vater, Heinz (eds.) 1998. Book Notice of: [Boeder, Winfried & Schroeder, Christoph & Wagner, Karl Heinz & Wildgen, Wolfgang. Sprache in Raum und Zeit: In memoriam Johannes Bechert. Band 2: Beiträge zur empirischen Sprachwissenschaft. A year ago, I started working on a review of the “Oxford Handbook of Polysynthesis” (published as Haspelmath 2018a), and while the concept of “poly-synthesis” was poorly defined in the volume, I wondered again whether at least the simpler concept of “synthesis” could be given a clear definition.The latter seems even more important, also because there are many claims about regaular developments from synthetic to analytic and back again (dubbed the “anasynthetic cycle” in my 2018b paper).