Clayton launched these original ideas from research positions at California Institute of Technology, Rice University, Cambridge University (England), Max-Plank Institute for Nuclear Physics (Germany), Durham University (England) and Clemson University during an international academic career spanning six decades.
Clayton also authored four books for the public: (1) a novel, The Joshua Factor (1985), is a parable of the origin of mankind utilizing the mystery of solar neutrinos; (2) a science autobiography, Catch a Falling Star; about growing awareness during a cosmological life (See Personal below); (4)Handbook of Isotopes in the Cosmos (Cambridge Univ.
At Rice Clayton was awarded the newly endowed Andrew Hays Buchanan Professorship of Astrophysics in 1968 and held that endowed professorship for twenty years until responding to the opportunity to guide a new astrophysics program at Clemson University in 1989. Newman, Eliahu Dwek, Mark Leising and Kurt Liffman.
During the 1970s at Rice University Clayton guided Ph. theses of many research students who achieved renown, especially Stanford E. Senior thesis students at Rice University included Bradley S. Howard published jointly numerous innovative studies with Clayton on the topic of explosive supernova nucleosynthesis.
Clayton spent much of his early childhood on those farms and has rhapsodized over his love of the farm.
Clayton attended public school in Texas after his father's new job as co-pilot for Braniff Airlines moved the family to Dallas in 1939.Meyer and Lucy Ziurys, both of whom forged distinguished careers in the subjects of those senior theses. radioactive gamma-ray-emitting nuclei as nucleosynthesis sources for the field of gamma-ray astronomy of line transitions from radioactive nuclei with coauthors (Stirling Colgate, Gerald J. Detection of these gamma-ray lines two decades later provided the decisive proof that iron had been synthesized explosively in supernovae in the form of radioactive nickel isotopes rather than as iron itself, which Fowler and Hoyle had both advocated.Historical photos of several students can be seen on Clayton' s photo archive for the history of nuclear astrophysics.. Fowler unexpectedly invited Clayton to return to Caltech in order to coauthor a book on nucleosynthesis with Fowler and Fred Hoyle. He accepted that offer but the book was never written because while he was resident at Caltech Clayton was invited by Fred Hoyle to Cambridge University (UK) in spring 1967 to advise a research program in nucleosynthesis at Hoyle's newly created Institute of Astronomy. Sloan Foundation Fellowship (1966–68) facilitated leaves of absence from Rice University for this purpose. During (1977–84) Clayton resided part-time annually at the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg as Humboldt Prize awardee, sponsored by Till Kirsten.Clayton described this good fortune in his autobiography.His academic research into five fields of astrophysics championed by him is detailed in section 5 below.A historic connection of Clayton's academic career to NASA's Apollo Program arose arose through establishment by Rice University of its Department of Space Science in 1963.This action by Rice University provided the academic position assumed by Clayton in 1963.Clayton's published collaborations with Fowler (1983 Nobel Laureate in Physics) as Fowler's research student (1957–60) and subsequently as Fowler's post-doctoral research associate (1961–63) launched Clayton's scientific career.He established himself at Caltech as a new worker in the field of nucleosynthesis in stars by calculating the first time-dependent models of both the s process and the fast neutron-capture chains of the r process of heavy-element nucleosynthesis and of the nuclear abundance quasiequilibrium that establishes the highly radioactive abundances between silicon and nickel during silicon burning in stars.He was awarded many supporting fellowships: National Science Foundation Predoctoral Fellow (1956–58); Alfred P.Sloan Foundation Fellow (1966–68); Fulbright Fellow (1979–80); Fellow of St.