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The working memory also retrieves information from previously stored material.
Psych Essay Memory
Sensory memory holds sensory information less than one second after an item is perceived.
On the other hand, one can remember telephone numbers for many years through repetition; this information is said to be stored in long-term memory.
While short-term memory encodes information acoustically, long-term memory encodes it semantically: Baddeley (1966) discovered that, after 20 minutes, test subjects had the most difficulty recalling a collection of words that had similar meanings (e.g. Another part of long-term memory is episodic memory, "which attempts to capture information such as 'what', 'when' and 'where With episodic memory, individuals are able to recall specific events such as birthday parties and weddings.
With very short presentations, participants often report that they seem to "see" more than they can actually report.
The first experiments exploring this form of sensory memory were precisely conducted by George Sperling (1963) using the "partial report paradigm".