Tags: Homework Is Good For StudentsGood Introductions College Application EssaysCritical Thinking PostersCreative Writing Seminars OnlineDo Formal Essays Have Thesis StatementsEssays On Single Parenting Effects
These differences can only be understood by recognizing critical features of the historical period, including: Though many are familiar with Ellis Island as a symbol of America's immigration history, few realize that Angel Island—a comparable immigration detention center for the West Coast—was the site where immigration policy was enforced during the Asian exclusion years.Angel Island represents an important counterpoint to Ellis Island and the saga of American immigration history.Ironically decried as a "Hindu invasion" by exclusionists and white labor, the "tide of the Turbans" was outlawed in 1917 when Congress declared that India was part of the Pacific-Barred Zone of excluded Asian countries.
Although minor reforms in immigration law, due to changing international relations, allowed for limited numbers of Asians to enter the United States following the World War II era, United States immigration laws remained discriminatory toward Asians until 1965 when, in response to the civil rights movement, non-restrictive annual quotas of 20,000 immigrants per country were established.
For the first time in United States history, large numbers of Asians were able to come to the United States as families.
Some Korean patriots also settled in the United States as political exiles and organized for Korean independence.
South Asian Indian immigrants also entered the United States as laborers, following Chinese exclusion.
School superintendent, Aaron Altmann, advised the city's principals: "Any child that may apply for enrollment or at present attends your school who may be designated under the head of 'Mongolian' must be excluded, and in furtherance of this please direct them to apply at the Chinese School for enrollment." Throughout their history, Asian Americans have confronted a long legacy of exclusion and inequity in relation to school policies and practices, particularly during periods of changing demographics, economic recession, or war.
In spite of historic, linguistic differences, distinct Asian nationalities have been grouped together and treated similarly in schools and in the larger society.Growing anti-Japanese legislation and violence soon followed.In 1907, Japanese immigration was restricted by a "Gentleman's Agreement" between the United States and Japan.," anti-Chinese legislation and violence raged throughout the West Coast.In 1882, Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act—the only United States Iaw to prevent immigration and naturalization on the basis of race—which restricted Chinese immigration for the next sixty years.In 1970, a park ranger discovered sets of Chinese characters carved into the wooden walls of the barracks.Now recognized as an historic Iandmark, the Angel Island detention center bears witness to the bitterness and frustration of excluded Chinese immigrants who carved more than one hundred poems into the walls.Between 19, hopeful Chinese immigrants were detained at Angel Island where they were required to undergo humiliating medical examinations and detailed interrogations.Questions ranged from "What are the birthdates of each member of your family?With all other Asians excluded, thousands of young, single Filipinos began migrating in large numbers to the West Coast during the 1920s to work in farms and canneries, filling the continuing need for cheap labor.Filipinos were not legally excluded by the immigration laws because the Philippines was already annexed by the United States as a result of the 1898 Spanish-American War.