Selected Philosophical Essays

Between 19, he published what is regarded as his major work, Formalism in Ethics and Non-Formal Ethics of Values, an ambitious attempt to articulate a phenomenology of ethical values.

Scheler's conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1920 was widely interpreted as a manifestation of the spiritual and intellectual vitality of the church.

) have been taken up in every period of Western philosophy and by many of the most important philosophical figures, such as Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, Descartes, and Kant.

(We cannot undertake here a review of related discussions in other philosophical traditions.

He is credited with having influenced Martin Heidegger, Ernst Cassirer, Gabriel Marcel, and Jose Ortega y Gasset.

Scheler has been viewed as a symbol of European intellectual unrest before and after World War I. Yet in the midst of internal and external unrest and turmoil, Scheler persisted in his philosophical labors.Among those who took inspiration from the character was Lenin, who wrote a work of political theory of the same name, and who was ascetic in his personal life (lifting weights, having little time for love, and so on).In 1862, Chernyshevsky was sentenced to civil execution (mock execution), followed by penal servitude (1864-72), and by exile to Vilyuisk, Siberia (1872-83). Afterward he taught at the Universities of Jena, Munich, and Cologne.In 1910 he retired from teaching to live in Berlin and pursue an independent career as a philosophical writer.Please see the permission section of the page for details of the print & copy limits on our e Books.Born in Munich, Max Ferdinand Scheler was a pupil of Rudolf Eucken.He became a confirmed socialist, determined to devote himself to the cause of the emancipation of his people.Lenin wrote in 1901 of the powerful influence of "Chernyshevsky who knew how to bring up real revolutionaries even by censored articles." His influence rapidly grew and spread, particularly among the intellectual revolutionary-minded commoners.It was only in 1883 that he was permitted to leave Siberia.He went to Astrakhan, where he lived for six years under police surveillance.

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