This type of soil does not contain organic materials and nitrogen to a great extent but contains potassium and lime for which it is quite suitable for growing cereals, oil seeds, sugar-cane, jute and vegetables.
Soils in the deltas and the lower valleys of the Brahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Knavery are mainly composed of alluvium.
Two types of alluvial soils are found in the Gangetic plains of the north.
Those are the newer alluvium or, Khadar and the older alluvium of Bhangar.
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The Khadar type of soil is generally sandy in texture and it occurs in the river-beds, but the Bhangar type of soil is of more clayey in composition and darker in color. In some parts of the Gangetic plains a type of soil full of lime nodules is found.
It is known as Kankar which is found a little away from the river banks.
Alluvial soil, desert soil, and the forest soils of the northern mountainous regions come under Transported soils.
Alluvial soil, black soil, Red soil and Lateritic soil occupy about more than 80% of the total land area of the country and these are the whole of the farm lands of India.