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Type II spondylolisthesis can be divided into three individual subcategories.
However, in this condition, another item in the vertebrae breaks instead of the pars interarticularis which causes a slipped disc.
This form of spondylolisthesis is caused by spinal tumors that weaken the bones in the vertebrae and cause fractures.
Facet joints act much like hinges and run in pairs down the length of the spine, one on each side.
They are largely responsible for stability and movement within the spine; they keep the bones in the spine lined up, while still allowing them to move and remain flexible.
Aging and disc degeneration are the main culprits in type III spondylolisthesis.
Over time, vertebrae discs naturally begin to lose water as their outer wall, known as the annulus, weakens.Additionally, the muscles in legs may feel tight or weak which can cause patients to walk with a limp.Type I Spondylolisthesis is also commonly known as congenital spondylolisthesis.While the conditions are often related, spondylolysis describes the condition caused by a crack or small fracture on the pars interarticularis while spondylolisthesis is the result of a slipped disc, often due to a full break in the pars interarticularis.The pars interarticularis is the weakest portion of the spine and is highly susceptible to fracture due to repeated stress or traumatic injury.These fractures can lead to instability and cause a disc to slip.Type VI spondylolisthesis is the result of a surgery that causes a vertebra to slip forward.Spondylolisthesis is a very common cause of back pain in the United States, affecting approximately 3 million Americans every single year.The spinal condition is chronic, meaning it can last for years or be lifelong, but is typically treatable by a neurosurgeon.This type of spondylolisthesis commonly occurs in the L4-L5 region of the spine.This type of spondylolisthesis shares some similarity to Type II C in that it involves a fracture.