Surveillance Research Paper

Surveillance Research Paper-84
The study concludes that while surveillance cameras can be effective in specific contexts such as parking lots and public-transit systems, the potential financial and societal costs require greater research. Abstract: “We examine the impacts of public surveillance cameras on crime and disorder in Schenectady, N.

The study concludes that while surveillance cameras can be effective in specific contexts such as parking lots and public-transit systems, the potential financial and societal costs require greater research. Abstract: “We examine the impacts of public surveillance cameras on crime and disorder in Schenectady, N.

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The “halo effect” refers to the potential for greater security in areas outside the view of cameras; this could be offset by the “displacement effect,” which pushes antisocial activity to other parts of the city.

Cameras could also promote a false sense of security and lead citizens to take fewer precautions, or they could also cause more crimes to be reported, and thus lead to a perceived increase in crime.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that CCTV operations should be designed in a manner that heightens their deterrent effect. Many of the studies were based in the United Kingdom, while others were in U. Systems in other public settings had some effect on crime — a 7% decrease in city centers and in public housing communities, and a 23% drop in public transit systems — but the results weren’t statistically significant.

Specifically, police should account for the presence of crime generators/attractors and ground-level obstructions when selecting camera sites, and design the operational strategy in a manner that generates maximum levels of enforcement.” “Public Area CCTV and Crime Prevention: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis” Welsh, Brandon C.; Farrington, David P. When sorted by country, systems in the United Kingdom accounted for the majority of the decrease; the drop in other countries was insignificant.

Ordinary least squares regression models tested the influence of specific micro-level factors—environmental features, camera line-of-sight, enforcement activity, and camera design—on each crime category.

Results: First, the influence of environmental features differed across crime categories, with specific environs being related to the reduction of certain crimes and the increase of others.

We conclude by discussing the implications of the findings and discuss the questions to which future research should be directed. J.: A Quasi-experimental Test of Crime Deterrence” Caplan, Joel M.; Kennedy, Leslie W.; Petrossian, Gohar. Abstract: “Using camera installation sites and randomly selected control sites, [we] assessed the impact of CCTV on the crimes of shootings, auto thefts, and thefts from autos in Newark, N. A national evaluation of closed circuit television cameras (CCTV) has provided an interesting test-bed for displacement research.

Journal of Experimental Criminology, September 2011, Vol. J., for 13 months before and after camera installation dates. Abstract: “The installation of CCTV cameras in the historic centre of Malaga [Spain] in March 2007 was the main crime prevention initiative implemented in the city during the past few years. A number of methods have been used to investigate displacement, in particular visualization techniques making use of geographical information systems (GIS) have been introduced to the identification of spatial displacement.


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