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In The Metamorphosis Kafka illustrates a grotesque story of a working salesman, Gregor Samsa, waking up one day to discover that his body resembles a bug.
He then took a high paying position with the government of Czechoslovakia in an insurance post. s father had very little respect for him, and Gregor had to work to pay off the family debts.
After Gregor dies, at the end of the story, his parents notice that his sister has grown up into a beautiful woman and they feel that it is time for her to get married.
KAFKA'S METAMORPHOSIS THE USE of SYMBOLISM in FRANZ KAFKA'S "THE METAMORPHOSIS" According to Nahum N. Symbolically, Gregor Samsa, in the guise of a gigantic insect, is "cut off by this mysterious transformation from all community with other men" and does not realize that this transformation will have much impact on his social and professional lives (Gray, 55). After all, Gregor Samsa's family is seated down to an ordinary bourgeois breakfast at the time when Gregor is awakening from his uneasy dreams: this seems like ordinary narrative but it also establishes the centrality of food to bourgeois family life. Therefore, the two stories indicate the aspect of how routine affects the characters lives.
Glatzer, philosopher Albert Camus once said that "the whole of Kafka's art consists in compelling the reader to re-read him," and since the interpretations of Kafka are many, this inevitably leads to a return to the story itself "in the hope of finding guidance from within" (35). Although Batson's view may be valid, Kafka's transformation of an ordinary man into what sounds like a cockroach contains much symbolism related to society and culture. In essence, Gregor Samsa is now symbolizes the down-trodden, the men and women of the world who work themselves to death for pennies and often end up alone and ostracized from society. To this extent, we should not be surprised that the This is where the conflict between the asserting individual and the conventional society emerges, leaving the individual in isolation if he persists in asserting himself. Moreover, there is a significant similarity in their use of language and writing styles.
This is another example of symbolism, for it creates the image that Gregor Samsa, the cockroach-like insect, is indeed experiencing the effects of his transformation, due to instinctually wanting to crawl under the sofa, much like a bug crawling under a rock.
Early in the morning, Gregor's sister spies him under the sofa as if she was "visiting an invalid or even a stranger" in her own house (Kafka, 107). This supports the suggestion that Gregor Samsa is a stranger in a strange land and is quite debilitated by his insect existence which forces him to symbolically hid from society, even from those that love him as a son and a brother. At this point in the Metamorphosis, it is abundantly clear that Gregor Samsa's life has been utterly transformed, much like his physical body, and that he considers himself to be a vermin, akin to a rodent living in a trash heap. Another symbolic description occurs when Gregor's mother and sister begin to remove furniture from Gregor's bedroom. Gregor was the source of the income for his family and was employed in a job he did not like. Working as traveling salesman made Gregor alienated socially and mentally. For the first few weeks, she took care of Gregor and leaves food for him but then she transforms and she starts to hate Gregor because the family members thought Gregor was a burden to them and was worthless. Symbolism in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Kafka uses symbolism in his short story, Metamorphosis. This means that they used Gregor as the pawn who went out and supported them.Kafka chose the German word for vermin –Ungeziefer – which means an animal with a disgusting nature.The German word was also used in World War II, the Nazis used to describe the Jews by this name. “As Gregor Samsa awoke from unsettling dreams one morning, he found himself transformed in his bed into a monstrous vermin” (Kafka 7). The word transformation does not apply to Gregor but also to all the family members of Samsa family. He thought his transformation was a dream but he soon realizes that it was reality. This is ironic because Gregor was forced by his father to choose the alienated career. Samsa was indebted to his boss; working as a traveling salesman he would have pay off his father debt. Grete was one of the members of the family, who transformed. He used metaphors to show his love for people in his life. They can now control the daughter like they did Gregor. The main theme of the story is the effect of other?This story is autobiographical about the forces that control Franz Kafka's life. He eventually was forced to become a lawyer, whereas what Kafka wanted was a literary degree. s control on a person such as his relationship with his father, and how his father for controlled his life.