Thesis In 3d Cadastre

6 3 D CADASTRES IN SWEDEN • Sweden introduced a new type of property called 3 D-property in a new law enacted in 2004 • The idea was that you could separate the apartments in buildings from the lower commercial part • It is possible to create bridges, tunnels and caverns as 3 D-properties • These 3 D-properties can be limited on all sides 8 3 D CADASTRES IN NORWAY The Cadastral System of Norway • The present law on subdivision from 1978 had no provision for three- dimensional parcels so the City of Oslo established a system called the Oslo Method in 1987 based on an agreement between the City of Oslo and the local court • About 100 underground parcels have been registered since • An underground parcel is precisely defined in all three dimensions and ownership is limited to the constructed volume only • Special register number, since 300 are added to the area number of the surface parcel • Underground parcels may also be surveyed, but usually we accept the contractors drawings • Survey certificates are always made and used to register the new parcels in the national property register 11 3 D CADASTRES IN NORWAY Survey certificate for underground parcel 521/1.This is a complicated parcel with many different top levels, but only one bottom level.

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3 D CADASTRES IN EUROPE A short introduction to the cadastres of some European countries with the main emphasis on the 3 D Cadastre of Norway with examples from the City of Oslo by Tor Valstad Norway 1 3 D CADASTRES IN GREECE A typical example of a settlement’s vertical development is Santorini island in Greece Here a property’s yard can at the same time be the roof of a neighbouring one, providing two registered rights and consequently two different cadastral id numbers.

Obtaining data is only one part of the process from moving from a 2D to a 3D Cadastre.

A workflow, preferably digital, also needs to be determined to support this.

how to establish property boundaries other than traditional 2D parcel boundaries?

what rights can be used and how can these rights be used?

Cadastral framework: once the legal status of property in 3D situations has been established and described in deeds and in field works that are archived in the land registration, the next issues are how to register the rights and restrictions to property (bounded in three dimesnions) in the cadastral registration and how to provide information on the legal status of 3D property situations?

Technical framework: what system architecture (computer hardware, software, data structures) is needed to support cadastral registration in 3D situations? Traditionally, cadastral registrations consisted of a set of cadastral maps containing cadastral parcels with (mostly) unique parcel numbers and a paper archive in which property information on parcels was maintained.

Much work has already been done on how a 3D Cadastre should best be developed.

An inclusive information model, the Land Administration Model (LADM ISO 19152) has been developed to provide an international framework for how this can best be done.


Comments Thesis In 3d Cadastre

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