The final kind of irony is called situational irony.
Situational irony is an incongruence in what is expected to happen and what actually takes place.
As irony is a very common device of figurative literature, there are different types of irony.
Verbal irony is the most common type of irony that a reader will come across when examining literature.
In this type of irony, a character or speaker in the narrative will say or do something that is the opposite of what he means or intends.
For example, in a story, the wife of a thief might tell her husband to, “do the respectable thing and bring back some jewels tonight so that we can have food on the table tomorrow.” This is ironic because she is encouraging her husband to steal jewels in order to sell them for money. Whether or not verbal irony is readily understood by the reader depends on the skill of the writer.In literature, there are three main subtypes of irony.They are verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony.Irony is a tough concept for many students of literature to understand.This is partly because the definition of what is and what is not ironic has been clouded by incorrect usage of the term over the years.Essays need not be entirely ironic and written by invented characters.Sometimes touches of irony, sprinkled like table salt to flavor your content, are sufficient.An example of dramatic irony may be found in Virgil’s epic tale, the Aeneid.In the Aeneid, Virgil recounts the fall of Troy to the Greeks.Irony is a device that illustrates a meaning opposite to the words written. If a principal writes a letter to congratulate a teacher he is firing or a woman writes a love letter to a suitor she intends to reject, the writer is being ironic -- bitterly so.An ironic essay is one that uses opposite meanings to illuminate, for the reader, the author's actual intent.