Being truthful and trustworthy is among the greatest virtues any human being can possess on the other hand lying leads to corruption and deceit in any society.Note: In the picture, Pinocchio is known for having a long nose that becomes longer when he is under stress, especially while telling a lie.Even his enemies confirmed that he was truthful as described by Abu Sufyan a leader of the tribe of Quraish and the arch enemy of Prophet Mohamed (pbuh) in the court of Hercules, the Byzantine emperor of Eastern Roman Empire.
It is the foundation of praiseworthy characteristics, the foundation of prophethood, the result of Taqwa (God consciousness).
Were it not for truthfulness, the rulings of all divinely-revealed laws would collapse. So anything which is not the truth for sure is a lie.
Acquiring the characteristic of lying is akin to shedding one's humanity, because speaking is an exclusively human trait. However, there are a few instances where even Islam not only allows but recommends lying for the sake of brotherhood, which we will discuss later. A lie can therefore be something oral or written, which could be totally or partially baseless, unreal, made-up, distorted or exaggerated. Similarly giving praise out of proportion to someone is a form of lie.
Noble Qur'an says, "Truly Allah guides not one who transgresses and lies! Lying is something that almost everyone does both Muslims and non-Muslims alike. A good example would be when an annoying neighbour calls on the phone and you tell your child to say that you are in the shower or otherwise indisposed so you don't get stuck on the phone for an hour. Lying is giving some information while believing it to be untrue, intending to deceive by doing so.
Allah (SWT) wants the believer to aspire among the people they live with a feeling of trust whether in what they say or in how they deal with them.
They would feel that the money or other trusts they have with him are safe, while the things he says to them are true.Samuel Smiles writes: "Some people assume that their own lowly characteristics are normal to other's natures while in fact, we know that people are mirrors of their own manners.Hence, the good and bad that we see in others are not but a reflection of that which is in our consciences." Courageous people with good manners and conduct cannot bear falsehood nor can they accept to be polluted by such filth.Among the characteristics of liars is that they only believe after annoying insistence.Prophet Mohamed (pbuh) said: "Surely those who are most frequent in believing people are most frequent in telling the truth and those who mostly doubt people are the most frequent liars." Dr.Hence a lie has three essential features: (1) A lie communicates some information, (2) the liar intends to deceive or mislead, and (3) the liar believes that what they are 'saying' is not true.A liar tells a lie for the purpose of: (1) concealing the truth, since they are afraid of truth or punitive actions by law or individuals once the truth is established, (2) for cheating and deceiving others and enjoying their misery like Satan did to Prophet Adam (pbuh), and (3) short-term worldly gains i.e., gaining their favors or monetary gains until the lies are not exposed as a lie.Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (pbuh) is quoted as saying: "If entities were materialized, surely truthfulness would stand with courage and cowardice would stand with lying."Truthfulness is a command of Allah (SWT), part of faith, and a quality of must for all prophets and is mentioned in 100 places in the Noble Qur'an.Therefore, there are two positive traits that Allah (SWT) wants the Muslim to acquire and be committed to in building his Islamic personality.Love in Islam (Al-Hubb) Prophet Muhammad sa Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib Sayyida Fatima Zahra Imam Hasan stories Imam Husayn stories Imam Zain al Abidin as Imam al-Baqir stories Imam Jafar Sadiq (as) Imam Musa Kadhim (as) Imam Ali Reza stories Imam al-Taqi stories Imam Hadi, 10th Imam Imam Hassan al-Askari Imam Mahdi (as) Hazrat Zainab (sa) Ahlul Bayt, Ahl al-Bayt First Masoom Second Masoom Third Masoom Fourth Masoom Fifth Masoom Sixth Masoom Seventh Masoom Eighth Masoom Ninth Masoom Tenth Masoom Eleventh Masoom Twelveth Masoom Thirteenth Masoom Fourteenth Masoom Noble Qur'an says: "O you who believe!Be careful of (your duty to) Allah and be with the true ones." (9) Lying is one of the most common wrong acts that we commit throughout our daily life.