Hostile architecture is a form of urban design that aims to prevent people from lingering in public spaces.
The anti-homeless spikes here, for example, were installed to deter beggars and those sleeping rough.
Perhaps the antithesis of hostile architecture, this solar-powered phone charging bench was created by US firm Soofa.
Launched in Boston in 2014, Soofa benches are now found in more than 100 cities.
The Postgraduate in 3D Printing Architecture is a programme of applied research.
Rather than imagining an architecture for a long-term future, our aim is to apply state of the art technology to today’s construction paradigm.
In order to employ a sustainable approach to this renovation, existing infrastructure and original materials will be reused and highlighted in the future design.
This will promote the historic significance of the building and help local residents to gain a new appreciation for historic Old Town.
By offering a new place for local vendors to sell their product, as well as a restaurant for individuals to appreciate this local food, the building will engage the community and act as platform to facilitate healthy lifestyle choices.
Revitalizing this building will also add a meaningful destination to Old Town, Lansing, and will furthermore foster the growth of the surrounding rural and urban areas.